Medieval English Hammered Farthings: Edward III - London

This online guide is designed to help

  • Metal Detector enthusiasts
  • Museum Curators
  • Coin Dealers & Collectors
accurately identify and classify their English Hammered Farthings.


Overview:

Farthings were struck in large quantities during the first decade of Edward III's reign, but by by the 1350's the quantity of farthings in circulation allowed for a significant reduction in the quantity of small change being minted. As such, all Pre-Treaty farthings (1351-61) are very rare - in 1960 only one example was known to exist.

This is an interesting reign to collect - as there are a number of quite distinct types, some of which are extremely rare.



FIRST ISSUE (as Edward II Type 30-32).

  • This coinage was struck between 4 February 1327 and 7 May 1335. Based on the records published by Crump and Johnson, well over 3 million farthings were produced of this type. As with Type 31, this type is not as common as these minting records suggest and it must be assumed that dies continued to be used from earlier issues (e.g. Withers Type 30).

    So, while minting records for London show that 3,250 pounds of silver was struck into farthings during this period (1327-1335), stylistically there is no way to distinguish them from those of Edward II.

  • For details of this Type, please visit the Edward II - London mint page.


SECOND ISSUE, known as the STAR-MARKED coinage.

  • This coinage was struck between 8 May 1335 and 15 December 1343. Based on the records published by Crump and Johnson, 5,639 pounds of silver was struck into farthings at the London mint (almost 5 million farthings).

  • The weight of these farthings remained unchanged from those of the preceding reign of Edward II, but the fineness of the silver was reduced from sterling.


Edward III Farthing - 1aEdward III Farthing - 1a
Normal O's on reverse

Edward III Farthing - O with bite out of it
Bite out of the rights side of the O's on reverse

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS REX A*
    Small neat head. Low crown with no jewels between the
    fleurs. Fat stars or thinner asterisks.
Reverse: CIVI TAS *LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. The letter O
    may have a "bite" out of the right hand side. Normal or
    unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 1a
  S.1542
  N.1101
  H&W. 0101
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £35 (Fine)
  £95 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 1aEdward III Farthing - 1a

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS R·EX A*
    As Type 1a, but with a pellet between the R and E of REX.
    Small neat head. Low crown with no jewels between the fleurs.
    Fat stars or thinner asterisks.
Reverse: CIVI TAS *LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. The letter O may
    have a "bite" out of the right hand side. Normal or unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. unlisted variety
  S.1542
  N.1101
  H&W. 0101
Scarcity:

Note: A second example of this coin, from the same obverse die,
    clearly shows that the legend ends R·EX A*

Guide Price:
  £35 (Fine)
  £95 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 1bEdward III Farthing - 1b

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS REX AN*
    Small neat head. Low crown with no jewels between the fleurs.
    Normal or unbarred N's. Fat stars or thinner asterisks.
Reverse: CIVI TAS *LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. The letter O may
    have a "bite" out of the right hand side. Normal or unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 1b
  S.1542
  N.1101
  H&W. 0102
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £35 (Fine)
  £95 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 1b variantEdward III Farthing - 1b variant

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +CDWARDVS RCX AN*
    Small neat head. Low crown with no jewels between the fleurs.
    Normal or unbarred N's. Fat stars or thinner asterisks. Letter C
    used instead of E.
Reverse: CIVI TAS *LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. The letter O may
    have a "bite" out of the right hand side. Normal or unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. unlisted variant
  S.1542
  N.1101
  H&W. 0102
Scarcity: Normal

Note: A second example of this coin, from the same obverse die, clearly
    shows that both E's in the obverse legend are unbarred.

Guide Price:
  £35 (Fine)
  £95 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 1b variantEdward III Farthing - 1b variant

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS R·EX AN*
    As Type 1b, but with a pellet between the R and E of REX.
    Small neat head. Low crown with no jewels between the fleurs.
    Normal or unbarred N's. Fat stars or thinner asterisks.
Reverse: CIVI TAS *LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. The letter O may
    have a "bite" out of the right hand side. Normal or unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. unlisted variant
  S.1542
  N.1101
  H&W. 0102
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £35 (Fine)
  £95 (Very Fine)



Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS REX AN
    Small neat head. Low crown with no jewels between the fleurs.
    Normal or unbarred N's. Fat stars or thinner asterisks.
Reverse: CIVI TAS *LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. The letter O may
    have a "bite" out of the right hand side. Normal or unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 1c
  S.1542
  N.1101
  H&W. 0102
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £35 (Fine)
  £95 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 2a variantEdward III Farthing - 1d

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS REX AA*
    Small neat head. Low crown with no jewels between the fleurs.
    Fat stars or thinner asterisks.
Reverse: CIVI TAS *LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. The letter O may
    have a "bite" out of the right hand side. Normal or unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 1d
  S.1542
  N.1101
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £35 (Fine)
  £95 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 1dEdward III Farthing - 2a variant

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS REX AN*
    Crude head, with deep set pellet eyes. Crown as Type 1, (low
    crown with no jewels between the fleurs). Normal or unbarred or
    lombardic N's. Fat stars or thinner asterisks.
Reverse: CIVI TAS *LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. Normal or
    unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 2a
  S.-
  N.-
  H&W. 0102
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £35 (Fine)
  £95 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 2a variantEdward III Farthing - 2a variant

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS REX AN*
    Crude head, with deep set pellet eyes. Crown as Type 1, (low
    crown with no jewels between the fleurs). Normal or unbarred or
    lombardic N's. Fat stars or thinner asterisks.
Reverse: CIVI AAS *LON DON
    A over T in TAS.
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. Normal or
    unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  unlisted variety
  S.-
  N.-
  H&W. 0102
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £35 (Fine)
  £95 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 2b

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS: REX AN*
    Crude head, with deep set pellet eyes. Crown as Type 1, (low
    crown with no jewels between the fleurs). Normal or unbarred or
    lombardic N's. Fat stars or thinner asterisks.
Reverse: CIVI TAS *LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. Normal or
    unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 2b
  S.-
  N.-
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £35 (Fine)
  £95 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 2cEdward III Farthing - 2c

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDVARDVS REX AN G*
    Crude head, with deep set pellet eyes. Crown as Type 1, (low
    crown with no jewels between the fleurs). Normal or unbarred or
    lombardic N's. Fat stars or thinner asterisks.
Reverse: CIVI TAS *LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. Normal or
    unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 2c
  S.-
  N.-
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £40 (Fine)
  £100 (Very Fine)



Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS REX ANG*
    Long face. Tall narrow crown with no jewels between the fleurs.
    Normal or unbarred N's. Fat stars or blobs with rays.
Reverse: *CIVI TAS LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. Normal or
    unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 3(i)
  S.1542A
  N.1104
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £40 (Fine)
  £100 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 3iiEdward III Farthing - 3ii

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS REX ANG*
    Long face. Tall narrow crown with no jewels between the fleurs.
    Normal or unbarred N's. Fat stars or blobs with rays.
Reverse: CIVI TAS LON DON*
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. Normal or
    unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 3(ii)
  S.1542A
  N.1104
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £40 (Fine)
  £100 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 3iiiEdward III Farthing - 3iii

Date: 1335-1343
Mint: London
Type: 'STAR-MARKED' Coinage

Diameter: 12-13.5mm
Weight: 0.21-0.35g (5½ grains1)
Purity: 0.833 silver

Obverse: +EDWARDVS REX ANG*
    Long face. Tall narrow crown with no jewels between the fleurs.
    Normal or unbarred N's. Fat stars or blobs with rays.
Reverse: CIVI TAS *LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. Normal or
    unbarred N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 3(iii)
  S.1542A
  N.1104
Scarcity: Normal

Guide Price:
  £40 (Fine)
  £100 (Very Fine)



THIRD ISSUE, known as the FLORIN coinage.

  • The weight of farthings was reduced to make the cost of producing them viable (i.e. more farthings could be produced for every ounce of silver), and the fineness of the sliver was again increased back to sterling levels.


Edward III Farthing - 4Edward III Farthing - 4

Date: 1344-1351
Mint: London
Type: 'FLORIN' Coinage

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (5 grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS REX
    Neat head, with narrow eyes. Can be distinguished by the
    new Lombardic letter X. Small crown with no jewels between
    the fleurs. Short, wide neat lettering with straight uprights
    and serifs.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. Pellets may be
    separate or drop-shaped and touching. Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EIII 4
  S.1562
  N.1135/1
  H&W. 0201
Scarcity: Rare

Guide Price:
  £30 (Fine)
  £65 (Very Fine)



Date: 1344-1351
Mint: London
Type: 'FLORIN' Coinage

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (5 grains1) (5 grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS REX
    Neat head, with narrow eyes. Can be distinguished by the
    new Lombardic letter X. Small crown with no jewels between
    the fleurs. Short, wide neat lettering with straight uprights
    and serifs.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LDn DOn
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. Pellets may be
    separate or drop-shaped and touching. Inverted D for the first
    O in LON. Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 4(i)
  S.1562
  N.1135/1
Scarcity: Rare

Guide Price:
  £30 (Fine)
  £65 (Very Fine)



Date: 1344-1351
Mint: London
Type: 'FLORIN' Coinage

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (5 grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS REX
    Neat head, with narrow eyes. Can be distinguished by the
    new Lombardic letter X. Small crown with no jewels between
    the fleurs. Short, wide neat lettering with straight uprights
    and serifs.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LON DON
    Long Cross" with three pellets in each quarter. Pellets may be
    separate or drop-shaped and touching. Tall, thin, irregularly
    spaced lettering. Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 4(ii)
  S.1562
  N.1135/1
Scarcity: Rare

Guide Price:
  £30 (Fine)
  £65 (Very Fine)



FOURTH COINAGE.

  • Once again, the weight of farthings was reduced to make the cost of producing them viable.

    This Fourth Coinage actually has four distinct sub-classes:

       Pre-Treaty period (1351-1361)

       Transitional Treaty period (1361)

       Treaty period (1361-1369)

       Post-Treaty period (1369-1377).

PRE-TREATY period.

  • The treaty that is referred to in the naming of this period was the Treaty of Bretigny which was signed on 9 May 1360, between King Edward III of England and King John II (the Good) of France. It was the result of substantial military victories over France and through the treaty, for a brief period, England gained control over a vast portions of France.
  • According to mint records, farthing production had ceased in 1351, and their production was not listed in the denominations authorised by the indentures of 1351, 1353, 1355, 1356 and 1361.3 It is an anomaly that Pre-Treaty farthings are known to have been struck during this period.



Edward III Farthing - 6Edward III Farthing - 6

Date: 1351-1361
Mint: London
Type: 'PRE-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS°REX
    Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at sides and
    no jewels. Annulet stop on obv.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Large thin lettering with Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 6
  S.1609
  N.1172
  Lawrence E 2
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)

Examples:
  1. Spink Num. Chron. 1929, pl. V, no. 17 (illustrated)
  2. Spink Num. Circ. April 2001, no. HS0435 (0.172g)(ex. Shuttlewood)(illustrated)
  3. Spink Num. Circ. August 2001, Vol. CIX, No. 4, p. 233, pl. 1 (same as example 2)(illustrated)
  4. Withers Small Change II, 2002 (illustrated).



Date: 1351-1361
Mint: London
Type: 'PRE-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS°REX
    As Type 6. Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at
    sides and no jewels. Annulet stop on obv.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOII DOII
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Large thin lettering with unbarred N's. Annulet in
    the CIVI quarter.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 6(i)
  S.-
  N.-
  Lawrence E/G mule 2
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)

Examples:
  1. P. Woodhead (illustrated), (0.395g)
  2. Spink Num. Circ. August 2001, Vol. CIX, No. 4, p. 233, pl. 2 (same as example 1) (illustrated)



Edward III Farthing - 6Edward III Farthing - 6

Date: 1351-1361
Mint: London
Type: 'PRE-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS°R.EX
    There is a pellet between EDWARDVS and REX and there is
    an annulet above the pellet in the outer circle!
    Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at sides and
    no jewels. Annulet stop on obv.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Possible annulet between the three pellets in the CIVI quarter.
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Large thin lettering with Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. unlisted variety
  S.1609
  N.1172
  Lawrence E 2
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 6Edward III Farthing - 6

Date: 1351-1361
Mint: London
Type: 'PRE-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS°R.EX
    Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at sides and
    no jewels. Annulet stop on obv.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Annulet between the three pellets in the DOn quarter.
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Large thin lettering with Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. unlisted variety
  S.1609
  N.1172
  Lawrence E/G mule 2
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)

Examples:
  1. BNJ, Vol. 62, pl. 8, no. 26 with a possible annulet in the DON quarter. (illustrated).


Date: 1351-1361
Mint: London
Type: 'PRE-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVSREX
    As Type 6. Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at
    sides and no jewels. No stop on obverse.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Large thin lettering with Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 6a
  S.-
  N.-
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Date: 1351-1361
Mint: London
Type: 'PRE-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVSREX
    As Type 6a. Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at
    sides and no jewels. No stop on obverse.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Small fish tail letters and Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 6a(i)
  S.-
  N.-
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Date: 1351-1361
Mint: London
Type: 'PRE-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS° REX
    As Type 6a. Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at
    sides and no jewels. No stop on obverse.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Small fat letters with long serifs, waisted "O"
    and Lombardic N's. Annulet in CIVI quarter.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 6a(ii)
  S.1609a
  N.1221/2
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 6bEdward III Farthing - 6b

Date: 1351-1361
Mint: London
Type: 'PRE-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS·REX
    As Type 6. Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at
    sides and no jewels. Pellet on obverse legend.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Irregular "O" which are wide on the left side and
    thin on the right. Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 6b
  S.-
  N.-
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 6c

Date: 1351-1361
Mint: London
Type: 'PRE-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS:REX
    As Type 6. Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at
    sides and no jewels. Colon on obverse legend.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Irregular "O" which are wide on the left side and
    thin on the right. Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 6c
  S.-
  N.-
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 6a8 muleEdward III Farthing - 6a8 mule

Date: 1351-1361
Mint: London
Type: 'PRE-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVSREX
    As Type 6. Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at
    sides and no jewels. No stop on obverse.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOII DOII or LOH DOH
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Unbarred "N's".

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 6a/8 mule
  S.1609
  N.1172
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



TRANSITIONAL period.



Edward III Farthing - 7

Date: 1361
Mint: London
Type: 'TRANSITIONAL' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS REX ANG
    Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at sides and
    no jewels. Longer legend.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOII DOII
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Thin lettering. Annulet in the CIVI quarter.
    Unbarred "N's".

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 7 (addenda from "Small Change III")
  S.-
  N.1230/2
  Lawrence G 2
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)

Examples:
  1. DNW Auction, 8 Sept. 2000, lot 102
  2. Spink Num. Circ. April 2001, no. HS0436 (0.318g)(ex. Shuttlewood) (illustrated)
  3. Spink Num. Circ. August 2001, Vol. CIX, No. 4, pl. 4 (same as example 2) (illustrated).
  4. Withers Small Change II (photo above), 2002.



Edward III Farthing - 7i obverseEdward III Farthing - 7i reverse

Date: 1361
Mint: London
Type: 'TRANSITIONAL' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS REX AN[-]
    Crown with tall fleurs, curving out at sides and
    no jewels. Longer legend.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOII DOII
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Thin lettering. Annulet in the DOII quarter.
    Unbarred "N's".

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 7(i) (addenda from "Small Change III")
  S.-
  N.-
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Date: 1361
Mint: London
Type: 'TRANSITIONAL' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS°REX°AII°
    As Type 7. Crown with tall fleurs, curving out
    at sides and no jewels. Longer legend with annulet
    stops in legend. Unbarred N.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Thin lettering and Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 7a
  S.-
  N.-
  Lawrence G/E 2
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)

Examples:
  1. Spink Patrick Finn 1996, list 7 (0.217g)(listed as a halfpenny) (illustrated)
  2. Spink Num. Circ. August 2001, Vol. CIX, No. 4, pl. 3 (same as example 1) (illustrated).



TREATY period.

  • The London indenture of of 11 February 1363 and the Calais indenture of 1 March 1363 introduced an additional requirement to mint 100 pounds weight of farthings per annum (worth £125 - i.e. 72,000 farthings)3. If any farthings were struck in Calais they have not been identified yet.


Edward III Farthing - 8Edward III Farthing - 8

Date: 1361-1369
Mint: London
Type: 'TREATY' Coinage

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS REX
    Crown made of curved pieces. Small lettering with long serifs.
    Letter X in REX looks like a cross pattée struck sideways.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOII DOII
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Unbarred "N's".

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 8
  S.-
  N.-
  H&W. 0402 "Treaty B"
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Date: 1361-1369
Mint: London
Type: 'TREATY' Coinage

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS REX
    Crown made of curved pieces. Small lettering with long serifs.
    Letter X in REX looks like a cross pattée struck sideways.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOH DOH
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Horizontal barred "N's".

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 8(i)
  S.-
  N.-
  H&W. 0402 "Treaty B"
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 9 obverseEdward III Farthing - 9 reverse

Date: 1361-1369
Mint: London
Type: 'TREATY' Coinage

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS·REX
    New crown with a flat band and intermediate jewels. Face and
    hair as Type 8. Pellet before REX on obverse legend and W as VV.
    Letter X in REX looks like a cross pattée struck sideways.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOH DOH
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Reverse barred "N's".

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 9
  S.1636
  N.1276
  H&W. 0401 "Treaty B"
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Date: 1361-1369
Mint: London
Type: 'TREATY' Coinage

Diameter: 11-12mm
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS·REX
    New crown with a flat band and intermediate jewels. Face and
    hair as Type 8. Pellet before REX on obverse legend and W as VV.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOH· DOH
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters. Reverse barred
    N's". Pellet after LON on reverse legend.
    Letter X in REX looks like a cross pattée struck sideways.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 9(i)
  S.1636
  N.1276
  H&W. 0401 "Treaty B"
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing Post-treaty - 10 Edward III Farthing Post-treaty - 10

Date: 1361-1369
Mint: London
Type: 'TREATY'/'POST-TREATY' Coinage

Diameter: 11-12mm (i.o.d. 6mm and i.r.d. 5.5mm)
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRDVS·REX
    New crown with a flat band and intermediate jewels. Face and
    hair as Type 8. Pellet before REX on obverse legend and W as VV.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOH DOH
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters. Reverse barred
    N's". Pellet over N of DON on reverse legend. Small inner circle.
    Letter X in REX looks like a cross pattée struck sideways.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 9(i)
  S.-
  N.-
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



POST-TREATY period.

  • There were Calais indentures issued on 20 May 1371 and 20 May 1372 which required the mint to produce 100 pounds weight of farthings per annum (worth £125 - i.e. 72,000 farthings)3. While examples of London farthings are known, if any farthings were struck in Calais they have not been identified yet.

  • The farthings of this period are from the very end of Edward's reign - the die used for the king's head continued to be used into the reign of Richard II

  • As with the later Richard II farthings, the diameter of the inner circle is only 5.5mm.

    A distinguishing feature of the groats and halfgroats in this series is that the Ns on the reverse are backwards and the last N in LONDON frequently has a bar above it.

Edward III Post-Treaty Groat

It is evident that this is also a feature of the Farthings of this period - although this is not acknowledged by Withers.
Edward III Farthing - 10


Edward III Farthing - 10

Edward III Farthing Post-treaty - 10

Date: 1369-1377
Mint: London
Type: 'POST-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm (i.r.d. 5.5mm)
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRD:REX:ΛnGL
    Crown as Type 9 with a flat band and intermediate jewels. Face and
    hair as Type 8. Longer legend with colon stops. Lombardic N.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOH DOH
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Roman N's - reverse barred.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 10
  S.1652
  N.1299
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing Post-treaty - 10 varietyEdward III Farthing Post-treaty - 10 variety

Date: 1369-1377
Mint: London
Type: 'POST-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm (i.r.d. 5.5mm)
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRD:REX:ΛnGL
    Crown as Type 9 with a flat band and intermediate jewels. Face and
    hair as Type 8. Longer legend with colon stops. ROMAN N.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOH DOH
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Roman N's as H's.

Reference(s):
  W. unlisted variety
  S.1652
  N.1299
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Date: 1369-1377
Mint: London
Type: 'POST-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm (i.r.d. 5.5mm)
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRD:REX:ΛnGL
    Crown as Type 9 with a flat band and intermediate jewels. Face and
    hair as Type 8. Longer legend with colon stops. Lombardic N.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 10(i)
  S.1652
  N.1298
  H&W. 0501
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Edward III Farthing - 10a

Date: 1369-1377
Mint: London
Type: 'POST-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm (i.r.d. 5.5mm)
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRD:REX:ΛnGL·
    Crown as Type 9 with a flat band and intermediate jewels. Face and
    hair as Type 8. Longer legend with colon stops before and after REX
    and a pellet after AnGL. Lombardic N.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOn DOn
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Lombardic N's.

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 10a
  S.-
  N.-
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



Date: 1369-1377
Mint: London
Type: 'POST-TREATY' Period

Diameter: 11-12mm (i.r.d. 5.5mm)
Weight: 0.19-0.39g (4½ grains1)
Purity: 0.925 silver

Obverse: +EDWΛRD:REX:ΛNGL'
    Crown as Type 9 with a flat band and intermediate jewels. Face and
    hair as Type 8. Longer legend with colon stops before and after REX
    and an apostrophe after AnGL. Roman N - reverse barred.

Reverse: CIVI TΛS LOII DOII
    Long Cross" with three pellets in three quarters.
    Unbarred Roman "N's".

Reference(s):
  W. EDIII 10b
  S.-
  N.-
  H&W. 0502
Scarcity: Extremely Rare

Guide Price:
  £375 (Fine)
  £750 (Very Fine)



1 SEABY, BA. (ed) 1948: Notes on English Silver Coins 1066-
  1648 to help collectors in their classification
(London,
  Seaby). pp 87
2 STEWARTBY, L. WOODHEAD, P. August 2001: 'Edward III Pre-
  Treaty Farthings' The Numismatic Circular, Vol. CIX, No. 4,
  p. 233, 4 plts.
3 ALLEN, M. 2007: "The Proportions of the Denominations in English
  Mint Outputs, 1351-1485" BNJ 77, p. 190-209



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